Indonesia, which is the largest archipelago in the world, consists of 18,108 islands. It has five big islands, and other 30 smaller groups which spread along the equator, which gave Indonesia a tropical climate throughout the year. The most populated and largest islands are Sumatra and Java. The other islands which are also as important and famous as Sumatra and Java are Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Irian Jaya. The capital city of Indonesia is located in Java, Jakarta, which has about the same size as Singapore (Jakarta = 750.28 km2 and Singapore = 707.1 km2).
Since Indonesia is located across the equator, the country has a tropical climate throughout the year. It consists of 6 months of dry season, and 6 months of raining season, though it is not always precisely 6 months. West coast of Sumatra, West Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Papua receive the highest rainfall due to the mountainous area of its place.
Winds are moderate and generally predictable, with monsoons usually blowing in from the south and east in June through September and from the northwest in December through March. Typhoons and large-scale storms pose little hazard to mariners in Indonesia waters; the major danger comes from swift currents in channels, such as the Lombok and Sape straits. ('Climate of Indonesia' 2009)
Tourist Destinations & Types of Tourism
Indonesia consists of 32 provinces and each province has special attractions to attract the visitors, and this are the explanation of three major tourist destinations in Indonesia:
Jakarta is the capital city of the Republic of Indonesia, a country composed of more than 13,000 islands with a population of over 180 million. Comprising more than 300 ethnic groups speaking 200 different languages, the Indonesia population exhibits marked diversity in its linguistic, culture, and religious traditions. ('Jakarta Tourism' 2006)
People who come to Jakarta usually want to enjoy the luxurious city life. Jakarta provides many great shopping malls, bars, luxury restaurants and best service hotels. Jakarta also offers historical tourism for the visitors such as: Taman Ismail Marzuki Art Center, Jakarta 1945 Museum, Keong Mas, Sunda Kelapa Harbour, National Museum, Ancient Inscription Museum, and Jakarta History Museum.
With a reputation as being one of the most beautiful and diverse spots in Asia, Bali attracts almost 1,000,000 visitors a year, from all around the world. Geographically, Bali lies between the island of Java and Lombok. Bali is small, stretching approximately 140 km from east to west and 80 km from north to south. Slightly off centre, and running east to west, is a string of volcanic mountains. The tallest and the holiest is Gunung Agung, and the height 3,142 meters above the sea level. ('Bali Tourism' 2006)
Bali offers many attractions for the visitors to make them come again and again. First is from the adventure tourism in Bali such as Grajagan, Uluwatu, river kayaking, and rafting activities. For the religion destinations, Bali has Pura Luhur Temple, Gajah Cave, Besakih Temple, and Tanah Lot Temple. Bali also has many cultural attractions such as The Dramatic of Kecak Dance, Ngaben, and Barong Dance.
Yogyakarta Special Region (Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, DIY) is officially one of Indonesia's 32 provinces. Yogyakarta is one of the foremost cultural centres of Java. This region is located at the foot of the active Merapi volcano. This province is one of the most densely populated areas of Indonesia. Gamelan, classical and contemporary Javanese dances, wayang kulit (leather puppet), theatre and other expressions of traditional art will keep the visitor spellbound. ('Yogyakarta Tourism' 2006)
Yogyakarta is famous for its culture. Visitors usually come to Yogyakarta to see and enjoy its cultural tourism such as Sonobudoyo Museum, Imogiri, Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat Palace The Kraton, Kalasan Temple, and Prambanan Temple.